Introduction to Thalassaemia

Thalassaemia is a genetic blood disorder where the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin – the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. 

Patients diagnosed with Thalassaemia may require regular blood transfusions to raise their hemoglobin blood levels. This can lead to iron build-up in the body’s tissue and organs – also referred to as iron overload. As iron can be toxic, too much of it can damage tissue. Excessive iron accumulates in the heart, liver, lungs, brain, and other organs, which highly increases the risk of other diseases and even life-threatening conditions.

If a patient with Thalassemia is experiencing iron overload from frequent blood transfusions, they may require an iron removal or chelation therapy. One medication approved for this is Desferal™, which is infused subcutaneously using an infusion pump and infusion set. Desferal™ is given over a 8-12 hour period, often overnight. The treatment can be performed daily, or 5-7 times a week.*

* According to Desferal™ Summary of Product Characteristics (SPC) by Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Ltd.

Nurse At Child's Bedside

 

 

The neria™ product range

neria™ infusion sets are tested (in vitro) for use with Desferal™.1

  1. Product Specifications neria™
    Cannula Stainless Steel
    Insertion angle 90 degrees
    Disconnection feature No
    Needle / Introducer needle guage G27 or G29
    Needle lengths 6, 8, 10 or 12 mm
    Tubing lengths 60, 80, 110 cm
    Adhesive Built-in
    Needle safety No
    Priming volumes 60 cm @ 0.10 ml
    80 cm @ 0.12 ml
    110 cm @ 0.15 ml

     

    1. Statement - Overview of Drug/Device Compatibility Test for the neria™ Range. 24. February 2020. AP-020446-MM. Data on file. Unomedical A/S.

Resources

Find relevant clinical literature about thalassaemia and continuous subcutaneous infusion management. below:

 

G C F Chan, D M W Ng, D Y T Fong, S Y Ha, Y L Lau

Am J Hematol. 2004 Aug;76(4):398-404

 

Rosario Di Maggio, Aurelio Maggio

Br J Haematol 2017 Sep;178(5):676-688

 

Kanjaksha Ghosh, Kinjalka Ghosh

Indian J Med Res. 2018 Oct;148(4):369-372

 

Beate Bittner, Wolfgang Richter, Johannes Schmidt

BioDrugs 2018 Oct;32(5):425-440 

 

Jennifer McLenon, Mary A M Rogers

J Adv Nurs. 2019 Jan;75(1):30-42

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